Hallux Limitus and Varus are both conditions that affect the big toe. However, they effect the big toe in different ways, but both are serious conditions that can lead to a lot of pain.
Hallux Limitus is a condition that results in stiffness of the big toe joint. Hallux Limitus is normally caused by an abnormal alignment of the long bone behind the big toe joint called the first metatarsal bone. Left untreated, Hallux Limitus can cause other joint problems, calluses, and diabetic foot ulcers. Painful bone spurs also can develop on the top of the big toe joint.
Anti-inflammatory medications, cortisone injections and/or special shoe inserts are some of the common treatments for stiff big toe. Surgery may be prescribed if spurring around the joint becomes severe.
Hallux Varus is a condition in which the big toe points away from the second toe. It often is one complication from bunion surgery. The condition has been linked to a number of other causes, including congenital deformity, tight or short tendons, and trauma or injury.
Toe splint surgery, requires a small incision to be made on the side of the toe. The toe is then splinted in a neutral or straight position.